Types of Senior Living

Senior living communities offer many levels of care to provide just the right care for every resident, no matter what their level of activity, health, cognitive ability, or needs. Here’s more about each specific level of care:

Home Care vs. Senior Living Communities

Home care, also called “aging in-place”, relies on caregivers (certified medical professionals) coming to someone’s home regularly (often daily) to provide in-home care, including help with ADLs and IADLs. This allows seniors to stay in their own home and community rather than uprooting and moving into a senior living community. But, it’s also a more expensive option, and it’s not the best choice for people with certain health or cognitive issues or levels of need.

Senior living communities are purpose-built, staffed, and managed to offer many types of lifestyles and appropriate care for residents. Types of senior living communities include CCRCs, independent living, assisted living, memory care, nursing homes, short-term respite and retreats, and others.

Continuous Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)

These senior living communities are designed to include the full range of care and lifestyles in a single campus or property. That means residents can remain at a single community as they continue to age, moving from independent living to assisted living and on to memory care and other specialized forms of care, as needed.

Independent Living

Independent living communities offer apartment or condo-style housing for residents of a certain age. These communities give residents the independence of living on their own, coming and going as they please. They also get the benefit of living in a social community with shared amenities and regular activities. Should it be needed, some or most levels of health care services are often available on-site.

Assisted Living

Assisted living communities combine the independence of apartment-style housing with full-service, on-site care for residents who need help with ADLs and IADLs each day. Assisted living communities provide organized social activities, community dining, and a full range of engaging activities and programs both on and off-site.

Memory Care

Memory care communities are designed and managed for the unique needs of residents suffering from various stages of dementia, including Alzheimer’s. These residents often require extensive daily assistance or even full-time, live-in care from highly trained, certified caregivers. Appropriate health care services will also be provided on-site.

Short-Stay Programs

These communities, also known as “respite care” or “adult day care” programs, offer temporary housing in a short-term community. Residents will generally stay between a week and a month, depending on their needs. These programs are usually provided for seniors who are recovering from an illness or injury, but residents also use them to get a taste of the senior living community lifestyle, and they may choose to move in long-term after their short-term stay.

Nursing Homes & Long-Term Care

Also known as “skilled nursing facilities (SNF)” or “convalescent care”, long-term care communities serve residents who need full-time (24-hour) care from a skilled nursing staff. This usually involves residents who have complex medical conditions or high levels of care needs. These communities meet accreditation standards set by the federal government to qualify for Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement for skilled nursing care.